In Memory of Amy Kass


Born Amy Judith Apfel in 1940, Mrs. Kass grew up in New York City, where she graduated from the High School of Music and Art. She was educated in the College of the University of Chicago, and then earned a Master’s Degree at Brandeis University and a Ph.D. in the history of education at The Johns Hopkins University. She began teaching at Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School in Sudbury, MA, and later at St. John’s College in Annapolis, MD, but her vocation was fulfilled during 34 years teaching in the College of the University of Chicago.

There, through her intimate seminars, she brought to life great works of Western Civilization and opened the hearts and broadened the minds of hundreds of undergraduates. Through her searching questions, freely yet tenaciously pursued, students were invited to think deeply not only about the works of Homer and Shakespeare, George Eliot and Tolstoy, Tocqueville and Melville, but also about themselves, our common humanity, and the path they might chart toward living a good life. Generations of her students benefited from her deep interest in who they were and who they might become. Treating them as better than they knew themselves to be, she enabled them to raise their sights and to aspire to meet her expectations of them. Her practice of educating for thoughtfulness is institutionalized at Chicago in the ongoing Human Being and Citizen common core course, which she co-founded (with her husband and colleague, Leon Kass) and led for three decades, and in the Fundamentals: Issues and Texts Bachelor’s Program, in which she was a most influential teacher and advisor.

In addition to her teaching, Mrs. Kass served on the National Council on the Humanities for the National Endowment for the Humanities, as a consultant to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Corporation for National and Community Service, and most recently as a Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute. She founded the “Tocqueville Seminars on Civic Leadership” and nationwide “Dialogues on Civic Philanthropy”, authored numerous articles, and edited anthologies on American autobiography and on the idea and practice of philanthropy. With her husband, she produced two or more anthologies, one on courting and marrying (Wing to Wing, Oar to Oar), and one on American national identity and civic attachment (What So Proudly We Hail: The American Soul in Story, Speech, and Song), as well as a series of e-books on The American Calendar, one for each of ten national holidays.

Amy Kass Mother of Valor Fund, In Shifra’s Arms

The Amy Kass Mother of Valor Fund, dedicated to Amy A. Kass, of Blessed Memory, will directly support the pregnancy counseling services In Shifra’s Arms provides.

Leon Kass speaks about his late wife, Amy, at the In Shifra’s Arms 2018 Annual Gala, as part of the inauguration of the Amy Kass Mother of Valor Fund.

Ken Weinstein and Caitrin Nichol Keiper pay tribute to Amy Kass at the In Shifra’s Arms 2018 Gala, as part of the inauguration of the Amy Kass Mother of Valor Fund.


Radical Conservatives for Education. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, 1973.

American Lives: Cultural Differences, Individual Distinction: An Anthology of American Autobiography. Golden Owl Publishing Company, 1995.

Wing to Wing, Oar to Oar: Readings on Courting and Marrying. Eds. Amy A. Kass and Leon R. Kass. University of Notre Dame Press, 1999.

The Perfect Gift: The Philanthropic Imagination in Poetry and Prose. Indiana University Press, 2002. (Excerpts available.)

Giving Well, Doing Good: Readings for Thoughtful Philanthropists. Indiana University Press, 2007.

What So Proudly We Hail: America’s Soul in Story, Speech, and Song. Eds. Amy A. Kass, Leon R. Kass, and Diana J. Schaub. ISI: 2011.

Publications and Lectures

“The Liberal Arts Movement: From Ideas to Practice,” St. John’s College Review, 25:3, October 1973.

Accomplished Advocates for Change,” review of Nadya Aisenberg and Mona Harrington, Women in Academe: Outsiders in the Sacred Grove, College Teaching, Spring 1989.

Autobiographers as Teachers: Toward Solving the Problem of Civic Education,” in Philip Jackson and Sophie Haroutunian-Gordon, editors, From Socrates to Software: The Teacher as Text and the Text as Teacher, Eighty-ninth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Chicago, 1989.

The Education of Telemachos,” in St. John’s Review, 41:1, 1991-92.

After the Fall,” review of Mark Schwehn, Exiles from Eden, in First Things, August/September 1993.

Inspiriting Learning,” College Teaching, Winter 1994.

The Giving Tree: A Symposium,” in First Things, January, 1995, pp.36-37.

Who Am I?: Autobiography and American Identity,” in College Teaching, Fall 1995.

[with Leon R. Kass] “What’s Your Name?“, in First Things, November 1995.

A Case for Courtship,” Institute for American Values, 1999.

[with Leon R. Kass] “Courtship Anyone? Help from an Old Story,” Institute for American Values, 1999. Also in Leon R. Kass, Leading a Worthy Life: Finding Meaning in Modern Times, New York, NY: Encounter Books, 2017.

[with Leon R. Kass] “Proposing Courtship,” in First Things, October 1999.

“Fathers and Sons,” The Chicago Literary Club, 1999.

Autobiography and American Identity: Another Look at Benjamin Franklin,” in Penny Schine Gold and Benjamin C. Sax, editors, Cultural Visions: Essays in the History of Culture, Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 2000.

[with Leon R. Kass] “Revive Courtship for Seeking Love,” Los Angeles Times, February 20, 2000.

Words Worth Repeating,” The American Enterprise, June 2000.

The Teacher as Civic Agitator,”, July 18, 2003.

The Invisible Gifts of Booker T. Washington,” in David H. Smith, ed., Paved with Good Intentions, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2004.

Vision and Philanthropy,” transcript, Hudson Institute, February 2005.

On Giving and Human Excellence,” Conversations on Philanthropy, Volume II, 2005.

The Homecoming of Penelope,” in Yuval Levin, Thomas W. Merrill, and Adam Schulman, eds., Apples of Gold in Pictures of Silver: Honoring the Work of Leon R. Kass, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2010, pp. 1-20.

Sympathy, Love, and Effective Reform in Middlemarch,” lecture, Bowdoin College, March 2010.

Encouraging Patriotism through Stories,” lecture, Daughters of the American Revolution, November 2011.

[with Leon R. Kass and Diana Schaub] “Citizenship and Memory,” National Review, May 2011.

[with Leon R. Kass] “Take Time to Remember,” The Weekly Standard, May 2011.

[with Leon R. Kass] “Of Loves and War,” The Weekly Standard, June 2011.

[with Leon R. Kass] “What So Proudly We Hail,” National Review, June 2011.


The Meaning of America, online course,

Courtship Matters, video lecture, Love & Fidelity Network, December 2014.

Amy and Leon Kass, Conversations with Bill Kristol, June 2014.

First Among Equals: George Washington and the American Presidency, video discussion, AEI, February 2012.

The Meaning of Memorial Day, video discussion, May 2011.

The 2011 Bradley Symposium: True Americanism, video discussion, Hudson Institute, May 2011.

The Neoconservative Persuasion, video discussion, Hudson Institute, February 2011.

The 2007 Bradley Symposium: Who Are We Today?, video discussion, Hudson Institute, May 2007.

The 2006 Bradley Symposium: What’s the Big Idea?, video discussion, May 2006.


1959–62 — The College of the University of Chicago; A.B., 1962.
1962–64 — Brandeis University, Department of History of Ideas; M.A., 1964.
1967–72 — The Johns Hopkins University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Education; Ph.D., 1973. (Dissertation: Radical Conservatives for Liberal Education.)

Teaching Positions

1964–66 — Social Studies Teacher, Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High, Sudbury, Mass.
1969 — Instructor, Institute for Adult Education, Georgetown University, Wash. D.C.
1972–75 — Instructor, The Evening College, The Johns Hopkins University
1975 — Instructor, Liberal Studies Program, Georgetown University
1974–76 — Tutor, St. John’s College, Annapolis, Maryland
1976–78 — Lecturer, Humanities Collegiate Division, The University of Chicago
1978-2010 — Senior Lecturer, Humanities Collegiate Division, University of Chicago
1985-2010 — Senior Lecturer, New Collegiate Division, “Fundamentals: Issues and Texts” program, University of Chicago

Courses Taught

Georgetown University

Democracy and Education
Human Beings, Citizens, and Political Communities

The Johns Hopkins University

Men and Ideas in American Educational Thought
Men and Ideas in American History
Political Philosophy: Ancient and Modern
Political Thought of the American Founding

St. John’s College

Freshman Seminar: Great Books of Ancient Greece

The University of Chicago (Partial Listing)

Philosophy, Literature, and History (Common Core)
Human Being and Citizen (Common Core)
Philosophy and Law
Philosophy and Law: Herodotus
Homer, Odyssey and Iliad
On Learning: Inquiry and Experience
The Nature of Tragedy
Autobiography and Education: Exemplary Americans (with Ralph Lerner)
Reading Lyric Poetry
Men and Women: Literary Perspectives
Politics and Literature: American Individualism (with Ralph Lerner)
Plato, The Apology of Socrates
Civility (with Leon R. Kass)
Twain, Huckleberry Finn
Politics and Sex: Literary Perspectives
American Lives: Franklin and Adams
Tolstoy, War and Peace (with Leon R. Kass)
Cultural Differences: Individual Distinction
Art and Nature: Shelley and Shakespeare
Politics in Literature: Tragedy
Ethics of Everyday Life: Courtship (with Leon R. Kass)
Melville, Moby-Dick (with Ralph Lerner; with Leon R. Kass)
Shakespeare, King Lear
Shakespeare, Hamlet
George Eliot, Middlemarch
Art and Nature: Frankenstein and The Tempest

Remembrances and Tributes

Her obituary: “Through her searching questions, freely yet tenaciously pursued, students were invited to think deeply not only about the works of Homer and Shakespeare, George Eliot and Tolstoy, Tocqueville and Melville, but also about themselves, our common humanity, and the path they might chart toward living a good life.”

William Kristol: “Amy was a truly remarkable woman. A legendary teacher at the University of Chicago and a very fine scholar, she was at once a most perceptive student of great literature and a spirited and enlightened patriot.”

Yuval Levin: “Amy’s teaching and writing were driven by the conviction that the stories we tell shape our souls and bind us together, and by the worry that we too often now fail to take care about how our souls are shaped and how (or whether at all) we are bound together in community.”

Gertrude Himmelfarb: “In her reflections on the teaching of the Great Books, Amy made a large point of the lesson she imparted to her students—that the principles they learned from the Ancients were meaningful only if they were applied to their personal lives.”

Robert P. George: “She was the best kind of patriot—one who loved her country not simply because it was hers, but because its principles, however often we Americans as a people have failed to live up to them, are true and good. Her constant endeavor was to inspire us to live up to them more perfectly.”

William Schambra: “Amy Kass taught us to be better people, better citizens, in a better nation. And she taught us well.”

Gary Schmitt: “As the great teacher she was, Amy understood the need for students to feel like they had discovered some new land themselves… even when she had slipped them the map and compass to get them there.”

UChicago: “When summarizing her UChicago career, she wrote that her lifelong mission was to teach people to ‘read great books slowly and critically, to refine their ideas, to enlarge their sympathies, and to aspire to a richer life beyond self-centered quests for gain, fame or power.’”

Caitrin Keiper: “With wisdom and authority to spare, Amy Apfel Kass, who passed away on August 19, could easily have been a great professor. Instead, she was the greatest of teachers.”

Caitrin Keiper II: “Amy was my favorite teacher, and also, objectively, the best. I was neither her best nor her favorite student, but she always made me feel as if I were.”

Diana Schaub: “She was, above all else, a teacher, with the patience and humility that requires—humility before the text and author under consideration, humility in the face of the ‘mysterious mixture’ that is human nature, humility in treating her students as potential equals in philosophic conversation.”

Bret Stephens: “Amy Kass’s truest teaching was the way in which she chose to lead her life. It left an indelible mark on mine. May her memory be for a blessing.”

Hyde Park Herald: “Generations of her students benefited from her deep interest in who they were and who they might become. Treating them as better than they knew themselves to be, she enabled them to raise their sights and to aspire to meet her expectations of them.”

Rick Cohen: “Amy Kass found her answers, or the texts that would help stimulate thinking toward answers, in many arenas, and enthrallingly to us, in literature.”

Ido Hevroni: “She was an attentive teacher, sharp, and wise. She encouraged us to speak our minds, and listened closely and patiently to each idea, even if it was incomplete, and she gently guided the speakers to formulations that were clearer and more coherent.”

NAS: “As a teacher she cared deeply for her students’ souls, not just their choices or lifestyles. As an author and speaker she consistently sought to renew readers’ interests in perennial questions while also not shying away from informing and elevating current debate.”

ACTA: “Throughout her life, she cultivated and defended the cultural and political institutions that have been the glory of our nation. She taught the enduring values of civilization, and she modeled them in her own life.”

Quin Hillyer: “A lady rich in mind and heart. . . with a mind fine-tuned, and sensibilities refined, so that she was a joy to converse with.”

Michael Lawrence Wilson: “We read about many different kinds of human excellence, but none of these literary examples struck me as vividly as the example of Mrs. Kass herself: intensely smart but never merely clever or showy; respectful, but not afraid to question or disagree; inclusive; courageous; serious yet also wry, funny and good humored; challenging us all to be better.”

Eric Cohen: “Our generation’s greatest teacher, a gift to all those who have been fortunate enough to be her student.”

Cassandra Hough: “Although I enjoyed only a small handful of meetings with Amy, those impressions left a lasting impression on me. Amy exuded warmth, and immediately drew a person out of herself and into the context of a friendship.”

David Upham: “I thank God for her.  I wish I had known her as a teacher–and I regret not ever having met her.  Still, I am grateful for the influence her work has had on my life, and I hope to meet her in the world to come.”

David Reingold: “Her commitment as an educator reinforces my belief in the centrality of the educational mission of research faculty. Please cherish your time with our students. For many of us, it is where we will leave our most lasting impact in the academy.”

National Endowment for the Humanities: “Throughout her distinguished teaching career at the University of Chicago, Kass imparted to her students her passion for great works of literature and conviction that engagement with the humanities is fundamental to informed citizenship and civic participation”

Chicago Tribune: “Amy Apfel Kass taught literature for 34 years at the University of Chicago, where she and her professor husband cofounded a course that explores what it means to be a good citizen and human being.”


  • Close Reading for Civic Education

    Distinguished scholar-teachers Amy and Leon Kass demonstrate how short stories, speeches, and songs can be used to enhance civic education and how a pedagogical approach that stresses learning through inquiry can make primary sources come alive for students of all ages.

    View the Curriculum