Author: Earl Warren

Earl Warren (1891–1974) was the 14th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Born in Los Angeles, California to immigrant parents, he became attorney general of that state in 1938, and then served three terms as governor during the 1940s. He was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953, and the following year he authored the decision in the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education (1954), declaring that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and that segregation by race in public schools was unconstitutional. Other major decisions of the Warren Court include Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), Reynolds v. Sims (1964), and Miranda v. Arizona (1966). He resigned from the court in 1969.

Brown v. Board of Education

Earl Warren

In 1954, the United States Supreme Court, in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, unanimously struck down as unconstitutional all state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students, holding that they violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection of the laws.