30days30poets: Carl Sandburg’s “Chicago”April 9th, 2013
First appearing in Poetry in 1914, Carl Sandburg’s poem “Chicago”—the first of nine poems he wrote about the city in his 1916 collection Chicago Poems—describes the “City of the Big Shoulders” that Sandburg loves, despite its imperfections. Sandburg had moved to the city in 1912, just two years before writing the poem, and the poem is an early example of social realism, a form of art that became popular in the 1920s and 1930s with paintings such as Grant Wood’s American Gothic (1930) and photographs such as Dorothea Lange’s Migrant Mother (1936).
Best known for his poems and biographies, Carl Sandburg (1878–1960) grew up in a middle-class family in Galesburg, Illinois. Dropping out of school after the eighth grade, he took many odd jobs until enlisting in the military during the Spanish-American War. After the war, he developed his writing skills at Lombard College (which he left before graduating) and while working as a journalist at the Chicago Daily News. The author of nearly 50 books of poetry, history, folklore, and stories for children, Sandburg won the Pulitzer Prize three times: in 1919 for Corn Huskers, a book of poetry; in 1940 for Abraham Lincoln: The War Years, a biography of Lincoln; and in 1951 for his collection Complete Poems.
As you read Sandburg’s “Chicago,” pay attention to the way that the poet personifies the city. In what ways are cities like the people who inhabit and form them? In what ways are they different or separate? Thinking of your own city, what personal characteristics would you say it exhibits? How does Sandburg’s acknowledgment that things are not perfect in Chicago make his admiration for the city more palpable?
- Carl Sandburg, “Washington Monument by Night”
- PBS: How Carl Sandburg Saw Chicago
- EDSITEment lesson plan: “Carl Sandburg’s ‘Chicago’: Bringing a Great City Alive”
Tags: 30days30poets, Carl Sandburg, National Poetry Month